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A Self-Paced Motor Imagery Based Brain-Computer Interface for Robotic Wheelchair Control

Tsui, Chun Sing Louis and Gan, John Q and Hu, Huosheng (2011) 'A Self-Paced Motor Imagery Based Brain-Computer Interface for Robotic Wheelchair Control.' Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 42 (4). pp. 225-229. ISSN 1550-0594

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Abstract

<jats:p> This paper presents a simple self-paced motor imagery based brain-computer interface (BCI) to control a robotic wheelchair. An innovative control protocol is proposed to enable a 2-class self-paced BCI for wheelchair control, in which the user makes path planning and fully controls the wheelchair except for the automatic obstacle avoidance based on a laser range finder when necessary. In order for the users to train their motor imagery control online safely and easily, simulated robot navigation in a specially designed environment was developed. This allowed the users to practice motor imagery control with the core self-paced BCI system in a simulated scenario before controlling the wheelchair. The self-paced BCI can then be applied to control a real robotic wheelchair using a protocol similar to that controlling the simulated robot. Our emphasis is on allowing more potential users to use the BCI controlled wheelchair with minimal training; a simple 2-class self-paced system is adequate with the novel control protocol, resulting in a better transition from offline training to online control. Experimental results have demonstrated the usefulness of the online practice under the simulated scenario, and the effectiveness of the proposed self-paced BCI for robotic wheelchair control. </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain-Computer Interface; Electroencephalography, Signals; Online Practice; Wheelchair Control, Robotic
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2013 22:18
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:26
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5903

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