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Exclusive Dealing in the Chartist Movement

Gurney, PJ (2009) 'Exclusive Dealing in the Chartist Movement.' Labour History Review, 74 (1). pp. 90-110. ISSN 0031-2746

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Chartism was a movement of consumers as well as producers. This article explores this hypothesis by considering the development and significance of exclusive dealing and consumers' co-operation, which grew out of this practice, for Chartists. First, the genealogy of the tactic is traced and the way in which exclusive dealing was initially employed by both radicals and Tories highlighted. The article then discusses forms of market exploitation ? particularly adulteration, truck and tommy shops ? that seriously affected working-class consumers. From the late 1830s, exclusive dealing was increasingly regarded as the best way to remedy these grievances and correct a perceived imbalance between producers and consumers. The role of Robert Lowery is assessed, a key figure in the initial, enthusiastic phase of Chartist co-operation before the debacle of the general strike in 1842. By the end of the decade, it is argued, exclusive dealing was rejected by some of the Chartist leadership as too confrontational, while the appeal of shopkeeping more narrowly defined continued to grow in working-class communities. The article ends with a consideration of the critique of Ernest Jones who, among others, condemned the uncoupling of economic from political components of the radical cause.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities
Faculty of Humanities > History, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2011 13:41
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:34

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