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Glorifying the Jamaican Girl": The "Ten Types - One People" Beauty Contest, Racialised Femininities, and Jamaican Nationalism

Rowe, Rochelle (2009) 'Glorifying the Jamaican Girl": The "Ten Types - One People" Beauty Contest, Racialised Femininities, and Jamaican Nationalism.' Radical History Review, 2009 (103). pp. 36-58. ISSN 0163-6545

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Abstract

The "Ten Types-One People" multiracial beauty contest was launched in 1955 in Jamaica, then a British colony on the cusp of independence. Jamaican nationalists designed "Ten Types" as a central part of the "Jamaica 300"tercentenary celebrations, the colony's first foray into imagining modern Jamaicanness as a national event. The contest comprised ten separate competitions, each of which represented a category for a particular skin tone, including "Miss Apple Blossom," "Miss Allspice," and "Miss Ebony." "Ten Types" privileged a brown visualization of Jamaicanness, and revealed brown femininity as central to a new iconography of modern Jamaica. "Miss Ebony," the category for dark-complected women, won particular public attention, for it allegorized the desirable transformation of the mass of black Jamaica into a refined modern citizenry. The "Ten Types" beauty contest provides an opportunity to examine the spectacle of the racialized female body in the construction of a multiracial modern Jamaican identity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > History, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2011 16:04
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2011 16:04
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/629

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