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Particulate air pollution in transport micro-environments

Nasir, ZA and Colbeck, I (2009) 'Particulate air pollution in transport micro-environments.' Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 11 (6). 1140 - 1146. ISSN 1464-0325

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Abstract

To understand the dynamics of particulate matter inside train coaches and public cars, an investigation was carried out during 2004-2006. For air-conditioned rail coaches, during peak journey times, the mean concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 were 44 g m -3, 14 g m-3 and 12 g m-3, respectively. The levels fell by more than half (21 g m-3, 6 g m-3, and 4 g m-3) for the same size fractions, on the same route, during the off-peak journeys. On the other hand, in non-air-conditioned coaches, the PM10 concentrations of up to 95 g m-3 were observed during both peak and off-peak journeys. However the concentrations of PM2.5 and PM1 were 30 g m-3 and 12 g m-3 in peak journeys in comparison to 14 g m-3 and 6 g m-3 during off-peak journeys. Over a period of four months the concentrations of PM 10, PM2.5 and PM1 in car journeys were generally similar during both morning and evening journeys with average values of 21 g m-3 for PM10, 9 g m-3 for PM 2.5 and 6 g m-3 for PM1. However during October the average concentration of PM10 was 31 g m-3. An analysis of nearby fixed monitoring sites for both PM10 and PM 2.5 revealed an episode of high particulate pollution over southern England during one week of October. There was no statistically significant difference between particulate matter levels for morning and evening car journeys. A statistically significant correlation was found between morning and evening PM10 (0.45), PM2.5 (0.39) and PM1 (0.46). In train journeys, a statistically significant difference was observed for peak and off-peak levels of PM10, PM2.5 and PM 1 in air-conditioned coaches. On the other hand, in non air-conditioned coaches a significant difference was documented only for PM 2.5 and PM1. © 2009 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2011 09:01
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 17:18
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/647

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