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Role of human tear fluid in Acanthamoeba interactions with the human corneal epithelial cells.

Alsam, S and Jeong, SR and Dudley, R and Khan, NA (2008) 'Role of human tear fluid in Acanthamoeba interactions with the human corneal epithelial cells.' International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 298 (3-4). 329 - 336. ISSN 1438-4221

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Abstract

Acanthamoeba keratitis is a painful and progressive sight-threatening infection. However, the precise mechanisms associated with the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of Acanthamoeba keratitis remain incompletely understood. Using tears from healthy individuals and an Acanthamoeba keratitis patient, we demonstrated that both subjects exhibited similar levels of Acanthamoeba-specific IgA as demonstrated by Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. However, normal tears were slightly more potent in reducing Acanthamoeba binding to human corneal epithelial cells, compared with tears from Acanthamoeba keratitis patient (P>0.05 using paired T-test, one-tail distribution). Neither normal tears nor Acanthamoeba keratitis tears had any protective effects on Acanthamoeba-mediated corneal epithelial cell cytotoxicity. Both lysozyme and lactoferrin which are major constituents of the tear film and possess antibacterial properties exhibited no significant effects on Acanthamoeba binding to and cytotoxicity of human corneal epithelial cells. The role of contact lens wear in Acanthamoeba keratitis is discussed further.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acanthamoeba; Human corneal epithelial cells; Tear film; IgA; Binding; Cytotoxicity
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2011 09:01
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 14:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/676

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