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Reductions in mesophyll and guard cell photosynthesis impact on the control of stomatal responses to light and CO<inf>2</inf>

Lawson, T and Lefebvre, S and Baker, NR and Morison, JIL and Raines, CA (2008) 'Reductions in mesophyll and guard cell photosynthesis impact on the control of stomatal responses to light and CO<inf>2</inf>.' Journal of Experimental Botany, 59 (13). 3609 - 3619. ISSN 0022-0957

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Transgenic antisense tobacco plants with a range of reductions in sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (SBPase) activity were used to investigate the role of photosynthesis in stomatal opening responses. High resolution chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging showed that the quantum efficiency of photosystem II electron transport (Fq′/Fm′) was decreased similarly in both guard and mesophyll cells of the SBPase antisense plants compared to the wild-type plants. This demonstrated for the first time that photosynthetic operating efficiency in the guard cells responds to changes in the regeneration capacity of the Calvin cycle. The rate of stomatal opening in response to a 30 min, 10-fold step increase in red photon flux density in the leaves from the SBPase antisense plants was significantly greater than wild-type plants. Final stomatal conductance under red and mixed blue/red irradiance was greater in the antisense plants than in the wild-type control plants despite lower CO2 assimilation rates and higher internal CO2 concentrations. Increasing CO2 concentration resulted in a similar stomatal closing response in wild-type and antisense plants when measured in red light. However, in the antisense plants with small reductions in SBPase activity greater stomatal conductances were observed at all Ci levels. Together, these data suggest that the primary light-induced opening or CO2-dependent closing response of stomata is not dependent upon guard or mesophyll cell photosynthetic capacity, but that photosynthetic electron transport, or its end-products, regulate the control of stomatal responses to light and CO2. © 2008 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2011 09:01
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2021 00:15

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