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Measures Matter: Scales for Adaptation, Cultural Distance, and Acculturation Orientation Revisited

Demes, KA and Geeraert, N (2014) 'Measures Matter: Scales for Adaptation, Cultural Distance, and Acculturation Orientation Revisited.' Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45 (1). 91 - 109. ISSN 0022-0221

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Abstract

Building upon existing measures, four new brief acculturation scales are presented, measuring sociocultural adaptation, psychological adaptation, perceived cultural distance, and acculturation orientation. Following good scale reliability in initial samples, the English scales were translated into nine different languages (Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish, Thai, and Turkish). The translated scales were administered to a large sample of sojourners (N = 1,929), demonstrating good reliability and adequate structural equivalence across languages. In line with existing theory, sociocultural adaptation and psychological adaptation were positively correlated, and showed a negative association with perceived cultural distance. General measures of well-being were correlated with adaptation and distance, with better adaptation relating to higher well-being, and more distance relating to lower well-being. Acculturation orientation toward the home and host culture were measured separately and a weak negative correlation was found between the two, supporting their independence. Arguing against dichotomization, these subscales were analyzed as continuous variables. Regression analysis showed sojourners to be better adapted, if they were oriented more toward the host culture and less toward the home culture. These new scales are proposed as alternatives to existing measures. © The Author(s) 2013.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 09:04
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:20
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/6879

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