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Fading Friendships Alliances, Affinities and the Activation of International Identities

Gartzke, Erik and Weisiger, Alex (2012) 'Fading Friendships Alliances, Affinities and the Activation of International Identities.' British Journal of Political Science, 43 (1). pp. 25-52. ISSN 0007-1234

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Abstract

In international politics ‘friends’ co-ally. But friendship is relational and contextual. Countries are more likely to act on particular common interests if few other actors share that identity. In contrast, new cleavages are likely to emerge as an identity becomes ubiquitous. The tendency for states to form alliances based on certain affinities is thus best thought of as a variable, rather than as a constant. For example, in systems where democracies are scarce, democracies eagerly co-ally. As democracy becomes common, however, incentives binding democratic allies together weaken compared to other definitions of mutual interest. This argument, and the evidence we provide, suggest that the salience of identities as cues to affinity and difference vary with the distribution of types in the system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Carla Xena Galindo
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 09:52
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2014 11:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7033

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