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A community-based intervention to promote informed decision making for prostate cancer screening among Hispanic American men changed knowledge and role preferences: A cluster RCT

Chan, Evelyn C Y and McFall, Stephanie L and Byrd, Theresa L and Mullen, Patricia Dolan and Volk, Robert J and Ureda, John and Calderon-Mora, Jessica and Morales, Pat and Valdes, Adriana and Bartholomew, L Kay (2011) 'A community-based intervention to promote informed decision making for prostate cancer screening among Hispanic American men changed knowledge and role preferences: A cluster RCT.' Patient Education and Counseling, 84 (2). e44-e51. ISSN 0738-3991

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Abstract

Objective: We assessed the short-term effects of a community-based intervention for Hispanic men to encourage informed decision making (IDM) about prostate cancer screening with prostate specific antigen (PSA). Methods: All senior social and housing centers in El Paso, TX were randomized to intervention, a group-based Spanish language educational program facilitated by promotores (12 centers; 161 men) [I's], or to control, promotores-facilitated diabetes video and discussion (13 centers; 160 men) [C's]. Results: Participants had low levels of schooling and baseline knowledge; 44% reported previous PSA testing. At post-test, the I's made large knowledge gains, increased their understanding that experts disagree about testing, shifted toward more active decision making roles, were more likely to believe that it is important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of screening and to anticipate potential screening outcomes in making a decision, and were less likely to consider the screening decision easy. The I's did not change in their screening intention or the belief that choosing not to be screened could be a responsible choice. Conclusions: A community-based intervention to support IDM for prostate cancer screening can increase knowledge and may promote more active involvement in decision making about prostate cancer screening. Such an approach can increase knowledge and may promote more active involvement in decision making about prostate cancer screening. Practice implications: It is feasible to develop and implement a community-based intervention program to promote IDM for prostate cancer screening.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Informed decision making; Hispanics; Prostate cancer screening; Prostate specific antigen
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 08:55
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2013 08:55
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7167

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