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Brain potentials during language production in children and adults: An ERP study of the English past tense

Budd, M and Paulmann, S and Barry, C and Clahsen, H (2013) 'Brain potentials during language production in children and adults: An ERP study of the English past tense.' Brain and Language, 127 (3). 345 - 355. ISSN 0093-934X

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Abstract

The current study examines the neural correlates of 8-to-12-year-old children and adults producing inflected word forms, specifically regular vs. irregular past-tense forms in English, using a silent production paradigm. ERPs were time-locked to a visual cue for silent production of either a regular or irregular past-tense form or a 3rd person singular present tense form of a given verb (e.g., walked/sang vs. walks/sings). Subsequently, another visual stimulus cued participants for an overt vocalization of their response. ERP results for the adult group revealed a negativity 300?450 ms after the silent-production cue for regular compared to irregular past-tense forms. There was no difference in the present form condition. Children?s brain potentials revealed developmental changes, with the older children demonstrating more adult-like ERP responses than the younger ones. We interpret the observed ERP responses as reflecting combinatorial processing involved in regular (but not irregular) past-tense formation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ERP; Morphology; Production; Children; Past tense
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2013 12:28
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 12:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7200

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