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Civil war: is it all about disease and xenophobia? A comment on Letendre, Fincher & Thornhill

Hendrix, Cullen S and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2012) 'Civil war: is it all about disease and xenophobia? A comment on Letendre, Fincher & Thornhill.' Biological Reviews, 87 (1). pp. 163-167. ISSN 1464-7931

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Letendre, Fincher & Thornhill (2010) argue that pathogen intensity provides the ultimate explanation for why some countries are more prone to civil war than others. They argue that the economic and political factors highlighted in previous research on civil war are largely caused by underlying differences in pathogen intensity, and contend that disease proneness increases the risk of civil war through its effects on resource competition and xenophobia. They present empirical evidence that they interpret as consistent with their argument: a statistically significant correlation between pathogen intensity and civil war onset. In this comment, we raise concerns over their interpretation of the empirical evidence and their proposed causal mechanisms. We find that the data provide stronger evidence for the reverse causal relationship, namely that civil war causes disease to become more prevalent. This finding is consistent with the literatures on the public health effects of civil war as well as research on state capacity and public health. © 2011 The Authors. Biological Reviews © 2011 Cambridge Philosophical Society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: civil war; collectivism-individualism; infectious disease; intrastate armed conflict; national wealth; pathogens; parasite
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2013 13:09
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 19:48

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