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The impact of political leaders' profession and education on reforms

Dreher, A and Lamla, MJ and Lein, SM and Somogyi, F (2009) 'The impact of political leaders' profession and education on reforms.' Journal of Comparative Economics, 37 (1). 169 - 193. ISSN 0147-5967

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Abstract

This paper analyzes whether the educational and professional background of a head of government matters for the implementation of market-liberalizing reforms. Employing panel data over the period 1970-2002, we present empirical evidence based on a novel data set covering profession and education of more than 500 political leaders from 72 countries. Our results show that reforms are more likely during the tenure of former entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs belonging to a left-wing party are more successful in inducing reforms than a member of a right-wing party with the same previous profession. Former professional scientists also promote reforms, the more so, the longer they stay in office. The impact of politicians' education is not robust and depends on the method of estimation. Journal of Comparative Economics 37 (1) (2009) 169-193. © 2008 Association for Comparative Economic Studies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Depositing User: Jo Wiltshire
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2013 20:44
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 22:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7696

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