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The shared signal hypothesis: Effects of emotion‐gaze congruency in infant and adult visual preferences

Rigato, Silvia and Menon, Enrica and Farroni, Teresa and Johnson, Mark H (2013) 'The shared signal hypothesis: Effects of emotion‐gaze congruency in infant and adult visual preferences.' British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31 (1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 0261-510X

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Abstract

In this study, 4-month-old infants' and adults' spontaneous preferences for emotional and neutral displays with direct and averted gaze are investigated using visual preference paradigms. Specifically, by presenting two approach-oriented emotions (happiness and anger) and two avoidance-oriented emotions (fear and sadness), we asked whether the pattern of emotion-gaze interaction suggested by the shared signal hypothesis (SSH) would also be found with this paradigm. Both age groups demonstrated an ability to discern the approach- and avoidance-oriented emotions, matching them with direct and averted gaze, respectively. Nonetheless, infants showed a greater sensitivity for the congruent emotion-gaze combination in the approach-oriented emotions, while adults were equally sensitive to the gaze-expression congruence for both the approach- and avoidance-oriented emotions. In a follow-up experiment, infants showed no preference for direct or averted gaze in the context of neutral faces. We conclude that the SSH may have validity from infancy, gradually extending from approach-oriented emotions to avoidance-oriented emotions over the course of development. © 2011 The British Psychological Society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Facial Expression; Analysis of Variance; Photic Stimulation; Infant Behavior; Emotions; Anger; Fear; Happiness; Visual Perception; Choice Behavior; Age Factors; Fixation, Ocular; Time Factors; Adult; Middle Aged; Infant; Female; Male; Young Adult
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2013 15:55
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:31
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/8243

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