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The TRAIL-receptor-1: TRAIL-receptor-3 and -4 ratio is a predictor for TRAIL sensitivity of cancer cells

Büneker, C and Mohr, A and Zwacka, RM (2009) 'The TRAIL-receptor-1: TRAIL-receptor-3 and -4 ratio is a predictor for TRAIL sensitivity of cancer cells.' Oncology Reports, 21 (5). 1289 - 1295. ISSN 1021-335X

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The tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potent inducer of apoptosis in many cancer cells. However, a significant proportion of tumours are TRAIL-resistant erecting a major hurdle for a successful TRAIL-based treatment regimen in the future. In this context, it would be a major advantage to be able to identify the tumours that respond to TRAIL. The existence of two apoptosis-inducing receptors (TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2) and two receptors that cannot transmit an apoptotic signal and have an inhibitory function (TRAIL-R3 and TRAIL-R4) make TRAIL signalling complicated. We analysed the surface expression of all four membrane-bound TRAIL receptors in cancer cell lines of various origin and primary cancer and normal cells and found a good correlation between TRAIL-sensitivity and the expression of TRAIL-R1 alone, but an even better correlation when a ratio of TRAIL-R1/ TRAILR3+TRAIL-R4 was analysed. Experimental overexpression of TRAIL-R1 alone or in combination with TRAIL-R4 in PANC-1 cells confirmed our correlation results. Similar to the surface expression-apoptosis correlation analysis we found a high correlation between TRAIL-sensitivity and the mRNA level ratio of TRAIL-R1/ TRAIL-R3+TRAIL-R4. A value of <0.85 for the ratio predicted TRAIL resistance in both protein and RNA analysis. Hence, TRAIL receptor RNA expression analysis by real-time PCR might be a feasible approach to predict possible TRAIL-responses in individual tumour samples.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2013 15:35
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 09:15

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