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Do psychosocial profiles predict self-rated health, morbidity and mortality in late middle-aged and older people?

Klabbers, Gonnie and Bosma, Hans and Kempen, Gertrudis Ignatius Johannes Maria and Benzeval, Michaela and Van den Akker, Marjan and van Eijk, Jacques Theodorus Margaretha (2014) 'Do psychosocial profiles predict self-rated health, morbidity and mortality in late middle-aged and older people?' Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37 (3). pp. 357-368. ISSN 0160-7715

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Considering many psychosocial health risk factors are interrelated, determining psychosocial health risk might benefit from a more person-centered perspective. This paper explores to what extent a psychosocial profile that combines potentially synergistic effects of different psychosocial characteristics, including psychological attributes and functioning, coping styles and social support, predicts self-rated health, morbidity and mortality. Prospective, longitudinal data from 1,912 Dutch participants aged 55-91 years were used to determine distinct psychosocial profiles by means of two-step cluster analysis. The predictive power of these profiles over a 5-year follow-up was calculated with Cox regression models for all-cause mortality and general practitioner-diagnosed somatic morbidity, and logistic regression models for self-rated health. Three distinct psychosocial risk profiles emerged: an adverse, an average and a beneficial profile. These profiles strongly predicted self-rated health but not morbidity or mortality. The health effects of the cluster (profile) model suggest synergism between the psychosocial characteristics. Future research should replicate our findings to further validate the approach. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychosocial profile; Incident morbidity; All-cause mortality; Self-rated health; Late middle aged and older persons; Longitudinal cohort study
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2014 11:57
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:34

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