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The Effects of Risk and Shocks on School Progression in Rural Indonesia

Gilbert, Christopher L and Modena, Francesca (2009) The Effects of Risk and Shocks on School Progression in Rural Indonesia. Working Paper. University of Essex, Department of Economics, Economics Discussion Papers, Colchester.

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Abstract

Many empirical and theoretical studies explore the effects of ex-ante risk and ex-post shocks on child education. While scholars share the opinion that shocks reduce investment in education, there is no general agreement over the effects of uncertainty on child schooling. This work uses the Indonesian Family Life Survey to explore the effects of ex-ante risk and ex-post shocks on school progression in rural Indonesia. We develop a model of household transition decisions from elementary to junior education and from junior to senior school considering different sources of uncertainty related both to parental and adult income, and under the assumption that withdrawal from school is permanent. In this way, temporary interruptions in child schooling have long term impacts on the child human capital. We show that there is no simple answer to the question of how uncertainty affects schooling decisions. Econometric results suggest that uncertainty about parental income for the time the child may be potentially at school increases the probability of attending junior school while uncertainty about expected earnings from education has a negative and significant effect only for senior school attendance. Finally, positive (negative) income shocks increase (decrease) the probability of attending junior school.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education choice; shocks; uncertainty; dynamic optimization
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2014 11:18
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2014 11:18
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/8939

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