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Shorting the Future: Capital Markets and the Launch of the British Electrical Industry, 1880-1892

Kennedy, W and Delargy, R (2011) Shorting the Future: Capital Markets and the Launch of the British Electrical Industry, 1880-1892. UNSPECIFIED. University of Essex, Department of Economics, Economcis Discussion Papers, Colchester.

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Abstract

Drawing on a comprehensive data set consisting of dividend payments, security prices, and stock exchange disclosures, this paper argues that, contrary to common interpretation, potentially damaging government regulations imposed in 1882 cannot explain the retarded development of the nascent British electrical industry in its first decade. Instead, as informed opinion at the time maintained, wildly inflated expectations had by the spring of 1882 driven the publicly-traded security prices of putative electrical enterprises to manifestly unsustainable levels. When initial demand and operating profits failed to meet these grossly extravagant expectations, ?irrational exuberance? quickly turned to equally undisciplined pessimism in a classic case of stock market boom and bust - with predictable consequences, most notably a collapse of subsequent investment and development at a time of great technological ferment, when durable early-mover advantages were being established among electrical manufacturers globally. This debilitating sequence of market boom and bust was further exacerbated by the fact that during the brief boom surprisingly little money was invested in the promising technologies that were available. Technological rather than regulatory risk was the dominant factor in the 1882 electrical debacle, with long lasting consequences.

Item Type: Monograph (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Origins of British Science-based Industries, Finance of British Innovation, Stock Market Crashes, British Electrical Industry.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2014 09:49
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:53
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/8947

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