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Cognitive Development and Infectious Disease: Gender Differences in Investments and Outcomes

Bhalotra, Sonia R and Venkataramani, Atheendar Cognitive Development and Infectious Disease: Gender Differences in Investments and Outcomes. [UNSPECIFIED]

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Abstract

We exploit exogenous variation in the risk of waterborne disease created by implementation of a major water reform in Mexico in 1991 to investigate impacts of infant exposure on indicators of cognitive development and academic achievement in late childhood. We estimate that a one standard deviation reduction in childhood diarrhea mortality rates results in about a 0.1 standard deviation increase in test scores, but only for girls. We show that a reason for the gender differentiated impacts is that the water reform induces parents to make complementary investments in education that favor girls, consistent with their comparative advantage in skilled occupations. The results provide novel evidence of the potential for clean water provision to narrow test score gaps across countries and, within countries, across gender.

Item Type: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: I38, J16, I12, I14, I15, I24, I25, H51, water, diarrhea, cognitive development, test scores, early life health interventions, brain-brawn, gender, Mexico, dynamic complementarity
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Sonia Bhalotra
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2014 15:09
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:53
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/9014

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