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Indicators of implicit and explicit social anxiety influence threat-related interpretive bias as a function of working memory capacity

Salemink, E and Friese, M and Drake, E and Mackintosh, B and Hoppitt, L (2013) 'Indicators of implicit and explicit social anxiety influence threat-related interpretive bias as a function of working memory capacity.' Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. ISSN 1662-5161

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Abstract

Interpretive biases play a crucial role in anxiety disorders. The aim of the current study was to examine factors that determine the relative strength of threat-related interpretive biases that are characteristic of individuals high in social anxiety. Different (dual process) models argue that both implicit and explicit processes determine information processing biases and behavior, and that their impact is moderated by the availability of executive resources such as working memory capacity (WMC). Based on these models, we expected indicators of implicit social anxiety to predict threat-related interpretive bias in individuals low, but not high in WMC. Indicators of explicit social anxiety should predict threat-related interpretive bias in individuals high, but not low in WMC. As expected, WMC moderated the impact of implicit social anxiety on threat-related interpretive bias, although the simple slope for individuals low in WMC was not statistically significant. The hypotheses regarding explicit social anxiety (with fear of negative evaluation used as an indicator) were fully supported. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: threat-related interpretive bias, dual process model, working memory capacity, anxiety
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2014 11:55
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:52
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/9299

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