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How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization?

Harvey, AJ and Callan, MJ and Matthews, WJ (2014) 'How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization?' Social Justice Research, 27 (2). 175 - 208. ISSN 0885-7466

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Abstract

© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. From blaming to helping innocent victims, just-world research has revealed that observers react to victimization in a variety of ways. Recent research suggests that such responses to victimization require effortful thought, whereas other research has shown that people can react to these situations intuitively. Along with manipulating just-world threat, across seven experiments, we manipulated or measured participants’ level of mental processing before assessing judgments of victim derogation, blame, willingness to help, and ultimate justice reasoning. The effect of just-world threat on these responses held constant over a range of manipulations/measures, suggesting that the processes involved in maintaining a belief in a just world are not restricted to the rational, deliberative level of mental processing but also occur intuitively.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2014 13:58
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 18:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/9313

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