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Choose your (international) contacts wisely: A multilevel analysis on the impact of intergroup contact while living abroad

Geeraert, N and Demoulin, S and Demes, KA (2014) 'Choose your (international) contacts wisely: A multilevel analysis on the impact of intergroup contact while living abroad.' International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 38 (1). pp. 86-96. ISSN 0147-1767

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Abstract

A two year longitudinal study examined the influence of social contact abroad on student sojourners? cultural adjustment and intergroup affect. Social contact was measured with regard to the three people that sojourners (exchange students) spent most time with. Both the quality of the relationship with each contact and the cultural background (host national, co-national) of each contact were measured, that is contact quality and contact source, respectively. The data were analysed through repeated measures multilevel modelling. Results indicate that good quality contact (independent of source) is associated with higher cultural adjustment in sojourners and lower levels of stress. Contact quality however, was not associated with intergroup affect. Source of contact was found to matter, especially over time. Specifically, in the later stages of the sojourn, having more co-national contacts among ones three most frequent contacts, was associated with higher levels of stress, reduced cultural adjustment and higher secondary outgroup derogation. These findings suggest that who sojourners have contact with, matters for both cultural adjustment and intergroup affect.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sojourn; contact; stress; cultural adjustment; intergroup behaviour
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 09:25
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:06
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/9360

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