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Integrin alpha V beta 6 is a high-affinity receptor for coxsackievirus A9

Heikkila, O and Susi, P and Stanway, G and Hyypia, T (2009) 'Integrin alpha V beta 6 is a high-affinity receptor for coxsackievirus A9.' Journal of General Virology, 90 (1). pp. 197-204. ISSN 0022-1317

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Abstract

Coxsackievirus A9 (CAV9), a member of the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae, possesses an integrin-binding arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motif in the C terminus of VP1 capsid protein. CAV9 has been shown to utilize integrins alpha V beta 3 and alpha V beta 6 as primary receptors for cell attachment. While CAV9 RGD-mutants (RGE and RGDdel) are capable of infecting rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cell line, they grow very poorly in an epithelial lung carcinoma cell line (A549). In this study, the relationships between CAV9 infectivity in A549 and RD cells, receptor expression and integrin binding were analysed. A549 cells were shown to express both integrins alpha V beta 3 and alpha V beta 6, whereas alpha V beta 6 expression was not detected on the RD cells. Native CAV9 but not RGE and RGDdel mutants bound efficiently to immobilized alpha V beta 3 and alpha V beta 6, Adhesion of CAV9 but not RGE/RGDdel to A549 cells was also significantly higher than to RD cells. In contrast, no affinity or adhesion of bacterially produced VP1 proteins to the integrins or to the cells was detected. Function-blocking antibodies against alpha V-integrins blocked CAV9 but not CAV9-RGDdel infectivity, indicating that the viruses use different internalization routes; this may explain the differential infection kinetics of CAV9 and RGDdel. In an affinity assay, soluble alpha V beta 6, but not alpha V beta 3, bound to immobilized CAV9. Similarly, only soluble alpha V beta 6 blocked virus infectivity. These data suggest that CAV9 binding to alpha V beta 6 is a high-affinity interaction, which may indicate its importance in clinical infections; this remains to be determined.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2011 07:05
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:34
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/972

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