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The structure of a class 3 nonsymbiotic plant haemoglobin from Arabidopsis thaliana reveals a novel N-terminal helical extension

Reeder, BJ and Hough, MA (2014) 'The structure of a class 3 nonsymbiotic plant haemoglobin from Arabidopsis thaliana reveals a novel N-terminal helical extension.' Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, 70 (5). 1411 - 1418. ISSN 0907-4449

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Abstract

Plant nonsymbiotic haemoglobins fall into three classes, each with distinct properties but all with largely unresolved physiological functions. Here, the first crystal structure of a class 3 nonsymbiotic plant haemoglobin, that from Arabidopsis thaliana, is reported to 1.77Å resolution. The protein forms a homodimer, with each monomer containing a two-over-two-helical domain similar to that observed in bacterial truncated haemoglobins. A novel N-terminal extension comprising two-helices plays a major role in the dimer interface, which occupies the periphery of the dimer-dimer face, surrounding an open central cavity. The haem pocket contains a proximal histidine ligand and an open sixth iron-coordination site with potential for a ligand, in this structure hydroxide, to form hydrogen bonds to a tyrosine or a tryptophan residue. The haem pocket appears to be unusually open to the external environment, with another cavity spanning the entrance of the two haem pockets. The final 23 residues of the C-terminal domain are disordered in the structure; however, these domains in the functional dimer are adjacent and include the only two cysteine residues in the protein sequence. It is likely that these residues form disulfide bonds in vitro and it is conceivable that this C-terminal region may act in a putative complex with a partner molecule in vivo. © 2014 International Union Of Crystallography.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Mike Hough
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2014 12:06
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 11:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/9891

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