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The murky distinction between self-concept and self-efficacy: Beware of lurking jingle-jangle fallacies.

Marsh, Herbert W and Pekrun, Reinhard and Parker, Philip D and Murayama, Kou and Guo, Jiesi and Dicke, Theresa and Arens, A Katrin (2019) 'The murky distinction between self-concept and self-efficacy: Beware of lurking jingle-jangle fallacies.' Journal of Educational Psychology, 111 (2). 331 - 353. ISSN 0022-0663

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This study extends the classic constructive dialogue/debate between self-concept and self-efficacy researchers (Marsh, Roche, Pajares & Miller, 1997) regarding the distinctions between these two constructs. The study is a substantive-methodological synergy, bringing together new substantive, theoretical and statistical models, and developing new tests of the classic jingle-jangle fallacy. We demonstrate that in a representative sample of 3,350 students from math classes in 43 German schools, generalized math self-efficacy and math outcome expectancies were indistinguishable from math self-concept, but were distinct from test-related and functional measures of self-efficacy. This is consistent with the jingle-jangle fallacies that are proposed. On the basis of pre-test-variables, we demonstrate negative frame-of-reference effects in social (big-fish-little-pond effect) and dimensional (internal/external frame-of-reference effect) comparisons for three self-concept-like constructs in each of the first four years of secondary school. In contrast, none of the frame-of-reference effects were significantly negative for either of the two self-efficacy-like constructs in any of the four years of testing. After controlling for pre-test variables, each of the three self-concept-like constructs (math self-concept, outcome expectancy, and generalized math self-efficacy) in each of the four years of secondary school was more strongly related to post-test outcomes (school grades, test scores, future aspirations) than were the corresponding two self-efficacy-like factors. Extending discussion by Marsh et al. (1997) we clarify distinctions between self-efficacy and self-concept; the role of evaluation, worthiness, and outcome expectancy in self-efficacy measures; and complications in generalized and global measures of self-efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-concept, self-efficacy, social comparison, dimensional comparison, jingle-jangle fallacy
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 16:03
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2019 16:03

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