Research Repository

Distinguishing the Impact of Age on Semantic and Nonsemantic Associations in Episodic Memory

Jarjat, G and Ward, G and Hot, P and Portrat, S and Loaiza, VM (2021) 'Distinguishing the Impact of Age on Semantic and Nonsemantic Associations in Episodic Memory.' The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, 76 (4). 722 - 731. ISSN 1758-5368

[img]
Preview
Text
Jarjat_main_accepted.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (715kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Refreshing, or the act of briefly foregrounding recently presented but now perceptually absent representations, has been identified as a possible source of age differences in working memory and episodic memory. We investigated whether the refreshing deficit contributes to the well-known age-related deficit for retrieving nonsemantic associations, but has no impact on existing semantic associations. METHOD: Younger and older adults judged the relatedness of stimulus word pairs (e.g., pink-blue or pink-cop) after repeating or refreshing one of the words. During a later source recognition memory test, participants determined whether each item recognized as old was presented on the left or right (nonsemantic source memory) and presented in a related or unrelated pair (semantic source memory). The data were analyzed using a hierarchical Bayesian implementation of a multinomial model of multidimensional source memory. RESULTS: Neither age group exhibited a refreshing benefit to nonsemantic or semantic source memory parameters. There was a large age difference in nonsemantic source memory, but no age difference in semantic source memory. DISCUSSION: The study suggests that the nature of the association is most important to episodic memory performance in older age, irrespective of refreshing, such that source memory is unimpaired for semantically meaningful information.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 10:41
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2021 04:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/26741

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item