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How Terrorism Spreads: Emulation and the Diffusion of Ethnic and Ethnoreligious Terrorism

Polo, Sara MT (2020) 'How Terrorism Spreads: Emulation and the Diffusion of Ethnic and Ethnoreligious Terrorism.' Journal of Conflict Resolution, 64 (10). 1916 - 1942. ISSN 0022-0027

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Abstract

Previous research on the causes of domestic terrorism has tended to focus on domestic determinants. Although this approach can be helpful to understand many causes of terrorism, it implicitly disregards how the tactical choices made by similar non-state actors elsewhere in uence a group's decision to resort to terrorist tactics. This study argues that the adoption of terrorism among ethnic and ethnoreligious groups results from a process of conditional emulation. Groups are more likely to emulate the terrorist choice of others with whom they are connected by shared political grievances and spatial networks. The theory is tested on a new and original group-level dataset of ethnic and ethnoreligious terrorism (1970 -2009) using geospatial analysis and spatial econometric models. The results provide strong support for the hypothesized mechanism leading to the diffusion of terrorism, and suggest that emulation - more than domestic and contextual factors - substantially influences dissidents' tactic choice.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 20:30
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 09:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/27516

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