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Elaborative Strategies Contribute to the Long-Term Benefits of Time in Working Memory

Loaiza, Vanessa and Lavilla, Emilio Tomas (2021) 'Elaborative Strategies Contribute to the Long-Term Benefits of Time in Working Memory.' Journal of Memory and Language, 117. ISSN 0749-596X

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Abstract

The current experiments investigated the long-term advantage forwords studied during complex span versus simple span, i.e., the McCabe effect. According to the covert retrieval account, the McCabe effect occurs because complex span affords covert retrieval opportunities that facilitate episodic memory (EM). Conversely, the time-in-working-memory (WM) hypothesis asserts that the time items spend in WM predicts EM, irrespective of any opportunity for covert retrieval. We investigated whether time specifically allows for elaboration in WM by considering the influence of reported and instructed strategies during simple span, complex span, and slow span, where for the latter, a pause of equivalent duration to the distraction in complex span interleaved the memoranda. The results indicated that (i) elaboration is just as frequent during complex span as slow span and (ii) spontaneous elaboration accentuates the advantage of complex span and slow span over simple span, commensurate with the elaboration account of the time-in-WM hypothesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: complex span, simple span, working memory, episodic memory, elaboration
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2020 16:59
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 14:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29285

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