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Sentinel-2 satellite imagery for urban land cover classification by optimized random forest classifier

Zhang, Tianxiang and Su, Jinya and Xu, Zhiyong and Luo, Yulin and Li, Jiangyun (2021) 'Sentinel-2 satellite imagery for urban land cover classification by optimized random forest classifier.' Applied Sciences. ISSN 2076-3417

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Abstract

Land cover classification is able to reflect the potential natural and social process in urban development, providing vital information to stakeholders. Recent solutions on land cover classification are generally addressed by remotely sensed imagery and supervised classification methods. However, a high-performance classifier is desirable but challenging due to the existence of model hyperparameters. Conventional approaches generally rely on manual tuning, which is time-consuming and far from satisfying. Therefore, this work aims to propose a systematic method to automatically tune the hyperparameters by Bayesian parameter optimization for the random forest classifier. The recently launched Sentinel-2A/B satellites are drawn to provide the remote sensing imageries for land cover classification case study in Beijing, China, which have the best spectral/spatial resolutions among the freely available satellites. The improved random forest with Bayesian parameter optimization is compared against the support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF) with default hyperparameters by discriminating five land cover classes including building, tree, road, water and crop field. Comparative experimental results show that the optimized RF classifier outperforms the conventional SVM and the RF with default hyperparameters in terms of accuracy, precision and recall. The effects of band/feature number and the band usefulness are also assessed. It is envisaged that the improved classifier for Sentinel-2 satellite image processing can find a wide range of applications where high-resolution satellite imagery classification is applicable.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sentinel-2 satellite, Random forest, Bayesian optimization, Urban management, Land cover classification
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 10:19
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 10:19
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29449

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