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Engineering calcium signaling of astrocytes for neural-molecular computing logic gates.

Barros, Michael Taynnan and Doan, Phuong and Kandhavelu, Meenakshisundaram and Jennings, Brendan and Balasubramaniam, Sasitharan (2021) 'Engineering calcium signaling of astrocytes for neural-molecular computing logic gates.' Scientific Reports, 11 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

This paper proposes the use of astrocytes to realize Boolean logic gates, through manipulation of the threshold of [Formula: see text] ion flows between the cells based on the input signals. Through wet-lab experiments that engineer the astrocytes cells with pcDNA3.1-hGPR17 genes as well as chemical compounds, we show that both AND and OR gates can be implemented by controlling [Formula: see text] signals that flow through the population. A reinforced learning platform is also presented in the paper to optimize the [Formula: see text] activated level and time slot of input signals [Formula: see text] into the gate. This design platform caters for any size and connectivity of the cell population, by taking into consideration the delay and noise produced from the signalling between the cells. To validate the effectiveness of the reinforced learning platform, a [Formula: see text] signalling simulator was used to simulate the signalling between the astrocyte cells. The results from the simulation show that an optimum value for both the [Formula: see text] activated level and time slot of input signals [Formula: see text] is required to achieve up to 90% accuracy for both the AND and OR gates. Our method can be used as the basis for future Neural-Molecular Computing chips, constructed from engineered astrocyte cells, which can form the basis for a new generation of brain implants.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 12:21
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2021 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29861

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