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The impact of slow stomatal kinetics on photosynthesis and water use efficiency under fluctuating light.

Eyland, David and van Wesemael, Jelle and Lawson, Tracy and Carpentier, Sebastien (2021) 'The impact of slow stomatal kinetics on photosynthesis and water use efficiency under fluctuating light.' Plant Physiology. ISSN 0032-0889

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Abstract

Dynamic light conditions require continuous adjustments of stomatal aperture. The kinetics of stomatal conductance (gs) are hypothesized to be key to plant productivity and water use efficiency. Using step-changes in light intensity, we studied the diversity of light-induced gs kinetics in relation to stomatal anatomy in five banana genotypes (Musa spp.) and modelled the impact of both diffusional and biochemical limitations on photosynthesis (A). The dominant photosynthesis limiting factor was the diffusional limitation associated with gs kinetics. All genotypes exhibited a strong limitation of A by gs, indicating a priority for water saving. Moreover, significant genotypic differences in gs kinetics and gslimitations of A were observed. For two contrasting genotypes the impact of differential gs kinetics was further investigated under realistic diurnally fluctuating light conditions and at whole-plant level. Genotype-specific stomatal kinetics observed at the leaf level were corroborated at whole-plant level by transpiration dynamics, validating that genotype-specific responses are still maintained despite differences in gs control at different locations in the leaf and across leaves. However, under diurnally fluctuating light conditions the impact of gs speediness on A and intrinsic water use efficiency (iWUE) depended on time of day. During the afternoon there was a setback in kinetics: absolute gs and gs responses to light were damped, strongly limiting A and impacting diurnal iWUE. We conclude the impact of differential gs kinetics depended on target light intensity, magnitude of change, gs prior to the change in light intensity and particularly time of day.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2021 11:29
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2021 11:29
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30111

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