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Silencing of the <i>WFS1</i> gene in HEK cells induces pathways related to neurodegeneration and mitochondrial damage

Kõks, Sulev and Overall, Rupert W and Ivask, Marilin and Soomets, Ursel and Guha, Mithu and Vasar, Eero and Fernandes, Cathy and Schalkwyk, Leo C (2013) 'Silencing of the <i>WFS1</i> gene in HEK cells induces pathways related to neurodegeneration and mitochondrial damage.' Physiological Genomics, 45 (5). pp. 182-190. ISSN 1094-8341

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<jats:p> The gene WFS1 encodes a protein with unknown function although its functional deficiency causes different neuropsychiatric and neuroendocrine syndromes. In the present study, we aimed to find the functional networks influenced by the time-dependent silencing of WFS1 in HEK cells. We performed whole genome gene expression profiling (Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays) in HEK cells 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after transfection with three different WFS1 siRNAs. To verify silencing we performed quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Analysis was conducted in two ways. First we analyzed the overall effect of the siRNA treatment on the gene expression profile. As a next step we performed time-course analysis separately for different siRNAs and combined for all siRNAs. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis confirmed clear silencing of the expression of WFS1 after 48 h. Significant (FDR value &lt;10%) changes in the expression of 11 genes was identified with most of these genes being related to the mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis. Time-course analysis confirmed significant correlations between WFS1 silencing and changes in the expression profiles of several genes. The pathways that were influenced significantly by WFS1 silencing were related to mitochondrial damage and neurodegenerative diseases. Our findings suggest a role of WFS1 gene in cell survival and its involvement in degenerative diseases. </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gene expression profiling; WFS1 gene; wolfram syndrome; gene silencing; HEK cells; ER stress; mitochondrial dysfunction
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2014 10:33
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 12:08

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