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Allelic Skewing of DNA Methylation Is Widespread across the Genome

Schalkwyk, LC and Meaburn, EL and Smith, R and Dempster, EL and Jeffries, AR and Davies, MN and Plomin, R and Mill, J (2010) 'Allelic Skewing of DNA Methylation Is Widespread across the Genome.' American Journal of Human Genetics, 86 (2). 196 - 212. ISSN 0002-9297

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Abstract

DNA methylation is assumed to be complementary on both alleles across the genome, although there are exceptions, notably in regions subject to genomic imprinting. We present a genome-wide survey of the degree of allelic skewing of DNA methylation with the aim of identifying previously unreported differentially methylated regions (DMRs) associated primarily with genomic imprinting or DNA sequence variation acting in cis. We used SNP microarrays to quantitatively assess allele-specific DNA methylation (ASM) in amplicons covering 7.6% of the human genome following cleavage with a cocktail of methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes (MSREs). Selected findings were verified using bisulfite-mapping and gene-expression analyses, subsequently tested in a second tissue from the same individuals, and replicated in DNA obtained from 30 parent-child trios. Our approach detected clear examples of ASM in the vicinity of known imprinted loci, highlighting the validity of the method. In total, 2,704 (1.5%) of our 183,605 informative and string ently filtered SNPs demonstrate an average relative allele score (RAS) change ≥0.10 following MSRE digestion. In agreement with previous reports, the majority of ASM (∼90%) appears to be cis in nature, and several examples of tissue-specific ASM were identified. Our data show that ASM is a widespread phenomenon, with > 35,000 such sites potentially occurring across the genome, and that a spectrum of ASM is likely, with heterogeneity between individuals and across tissues. These findings impact our understanding about the origin of individual phenotypic differences and have implications for genetic studies of complex disease. © 2010 The American Society of Human Genetics.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2014 11:41
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2018 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/11106

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