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Testing single‐ and dual‐route computational models of auditory repetition with new data from six aphasic patients

Baron, Rachel and Richard Hanley, J and Dell, Gary S and Kay, Janice (2008) 'Testing single‐ and dual‐route computational models of auditory repetition with new data from six aphasic patients.' Aphasiology, 22 (1). pp. 62-76. ISSN 0268-7038

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Abstract

Background: Both single-route and dual-route models of spoken word production have been proposed to account for auditory repetition performance in aphasic patients. Aims: We examined the extent to which Foygel and Dell's (2000) single-route model and Hanley, Dell, Kay, and Baron's (2004) dual-route model could successfully predict the repetition performance of six aphasic patients who made errors in picture naming and auditory repetition. Methods & Procedures: The six aphasic patients were tested on a variety of linguistic tasks. The models used performance on naming and nonword repetition tasks to predict real-word repetition scores. Outcome & Results: All six patients performed reasonably well at nonword repetition, but showed no evidence of using a non-lexical route when repeating real words. The repetition performance of all six patients was therefore better simulated by the single-route model than the dual-route model. Conclusion: Although the dual-route model successfully predicted the real-word repetition performance of the two patients reported by Hanley et al. (2004), it overestimated the performance of the six patients reported here. If the dual-route model is correct, then only a minority of patients appear to benefit from using the non-lexical route when repeating real words.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 10:18
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:59
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1184

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