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Fertility and economic instability: the role of unemployment and job displacement

Bono, Emilia Del and Weber, Andrea and Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf (2015) 'Fertility and economic instability: the role of unemployment and job displacement.' Journal of Population Economics, 28 (2). pp. 463-478. ISSN 0933-1433

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Abstract

In this paper, we study the separate effects of unemployment and job displacement on fertility in a sample of white collar women in Austria. Using an instrumental variable approach, we show that unemployment incidence as such has no negative effect on fertility decisions, but the very fact of being displaced from a career-oriented job has. Fertility rates for women affected by a firm closure are significantly below those of a control group, even after 6 years, and this is so irrespective of the incidence or the duration of the associated unemployment spell.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fertility; Unemployment; Firm closures; Human capital
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2015 14:29
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:24
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12680

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