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Legal Status and the Criminal Activity of Immigrants

Mastrobuoni, Giovanni and Pinotti, Paolo (2015) 'Legal Status and the Criminal Activity of Immigrants.' American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 7 (2). 175 - 206. ISSN 1945-7782

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Abstract

We exploit exogenous variation in legal status following the January 2007 European Union enlargement to estimate its effect on immigrant crime. We difference out unobserved time-varying factors by (i) comparing recidivism rates of immigrants from the “new” and “candidate” member countries; and (ii) using arrest data on for eign detainees released upon a mass clemency that occurred in Italy in August 2006. The timing of the two events allows us to setup a difference-in-differences strategy. Legal status leads to a 50 percent reduction in recidivism, and explains one-half to two-thirds of the observed differences in crime rates between legal and illegal immigrants.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2015 15:46
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2021 21:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12757

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