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Prevention-focused self-regulation and aggressiveness

Keller, Johannes and Hurst, Melanie and Uskul, Ayse K (2008) 'Prevention-focused self-regulation and aggressiveness.' Journal of Research in Personality, 42 (4). pp. 800-820. ISSN 00926566

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Abstract

The present research examined the relationship between individual differences in self-regulatory mechanisms as outlined in regulatory focus theory (promotion- and prevention-focused self-regulation) and aggressiveness. Two studies revealed that the more individuals’ habitual self-regulatory orientation is dominated by a prevention-focus, the more likely they are to score high on measures of cynical hostility, reciprocity norm endorsement, and aggressiveness. An additional study involving the manipulation of perceived violation of a reciprocity norm showed that predominantly prevention-focused participants were particularly sensitive to the experience of a norm violation and reacted in a hostile and aggressive manner following the norm violation experience. Findings indicate that a prevention-focused style of self-regulation is associated with aggressiveness and suggest that endorsement of (negative) reciprocity norms and sensitivity to norm violations are relevant factors that help explain the differences in aggressiveness observed among individuals with a predominantly prevention-focused style of self-regulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aggressiveness; Differential sensitivity; Reciprocity norm; Regulatory focus; Self-regulation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2011 10:22
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2011 10:22
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1513

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