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Lophotrochozoa internal phylogeny: New insights from an up-to-date analysis of nuclear ribosomal genes

Paps, J and Baguñà, J and Riutort, M (2009) 'Lophotrochozoa internal phylogeny: New insights from an up-to-date analysis of nuclear ribosomal genes.' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276 (1660). 1245 - 1254. ISSN 0962-8452

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Abstract

Resolving the relationships among animal phyla is a key biological problem that remains to be solved. Morphology is unable to determine the relationships among most phyla and although molecular data have unveiled a new evolutionary scenario, they have their own limitations. Nuclear ribosomal genes (18S and 28S rDNA) have been used effectively for many years. However, they are considered of limited use for resolving deep divergences such as the origin of the bilaterians, due to certain drawbacks such as the long-branch attraction (LBA) problem. Here, we attempt to overcome these pitfalls by combining several methods suggested in previous studies and routinely used in contemporary standard phylogenetic analyses but that have not yet been applied to any bilaterian phylogeny based on these genes. The methods used include maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference, the application of models with rate heterogeneity across sites, wide taxon sampling and compartmentalized analyses for each problematic clade. The results obtained show that the combination of the above-mentioned methodologies minimizes the LBA effect, and a new Lophotrochozoa phylogeny emerges. Also, the Acoela and Nemertodermatida are confirmed with maximum support as the first branching bilaterians. Ribosomal RNA genes are thus a reliable source for the study of deep divergences in the metazoan tree, provided that the data are treated carefully. © 2009 The Royal Society.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jordi Paps Montserrat
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2015 14:38
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:32
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/15136

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