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Cumulative disadvantage, employment-marriage, and health inequalities among American and British mothers

McDonough, P and Worts, D and Booker, C and McMunn, A and Sacker, A (2015) 'Cumulative disadvantage, employment-marriage, and health inequalities among American and British mothers.' Advances in Life Course Research, 25. 49 - 66. ISSN 1569-4909

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Abstract

© 2015 The Authors. This paper illuminates processes of cumulative disadvantage and the generation of health inequalities among mothers. It asks whether adverse circumstances early in the life course cumulate as health-harming biographical patterns across the prime working and family caregiving years. It also explores whether broader institutional contexts may moderate the cumulative effects of micro-level processes. An analysis of data from the British National Child Development Study and the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth reveals several expected social inequalities in health. In addition, the study uncovers new evidence of cumulative disadvantage: Adversities in early life selected women into long-term employment and marriage biographies that then intensified existing health disparities in mid-life. The analysis also shows that this accumulation of disadvantage was more prominent in the US than in Britain.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2015 10:06
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2017 23:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/15181

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