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The Arabidopsis thaliana Heat Shock Transcription Factor A1b Transcriptional Regulatory Network

Albhilal, Waleed Sulaiman (2015) The Arabidopsis thaliana Heat Shock Transcription Factor A1b Transcriptional Regulatory Network. PhD thesis, University of Essex.

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Abstract

Plants as sessile organisms have adapted highly sophisticated cellular processes to cope with environmental stress conditions, which include the initiation of complex transcriptional regulatory circuits. The heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) have been shown to be central regulators of plant responses to abiotic and biotic stress conditions. However, the extremely high multiplicity in plant HSF families compared to those of other kingdoms and their unique expression patterns and structures suggest that some of them might have evolved to become major regulators of other non-stress related processes. Arabidopsis thaliana HSFA1b (AtHSFA1b) has been shown to be a major regulator of various forms of plant responses to abiotic and biotic stresses. However, it has also been suggested that overexpression of AtHSFA1b results in a subtle developmental effect in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica napus in the form of increased seed yield and harvest index. Through genome-wide mapping of the AtHSFA1b binding profile in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome, monitoring changes in the AtHSFA1b-regulated-transcriptome, and functional analysis of AtHSFA1b in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under non-stress and heat stress conditions, this study provides evidence of the association of AtHSFA1b with plant general developmental processes. Furthermore, the outcome of this research shows that AtHSFA1b controls a transcriptional regulatory network operating in a hierarchical manner. However, in an agreement with a previously suggested model, the results from this study demonstrate that the involvement of AtHSFA1b in the regulation of heat stress response in Arabidopsis thaliana is possibly limited to the immediate and very early phases of heat stress response which also results in a collapse in its transcriptional network which seems to be accompanied by a general shutdown in plant growth and development.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: heat, heat shock, transcription factor, development, transcriptional, regulation, HSF, HSP, stress, yeast, drosophila, vertebrates, plants, oryza, lycopersicum, arabidopsis, thaliana, ChIP-PCR, ChIP-seq, RNA-seq
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Waleed Albihlal
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 12:09
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2017 02:00
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/15732

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