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Predicting self-rated mental and physical health: the contributions of subjective socioeconomic status and personal relative deprivation.

Callan, Mitchell J and Kim, Hyunji and Matthews, William J (2015) 'Predicting self-rated mental and physical health: the contributions of subjective socioeconomic status and personal relative deprivation.' Front Psychol, 6. 1415 - ?. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

Lower subjective socioeconomic status (SSS) and higher personal relative deprivation (PRD) relate to poorer health. Both constructs concern people's perceived relative social position, but they differ in their emphasis on the reference groups people use to determine their comparative disadvantage (national population vs. similar others) and the importance of resentment that may arise from such adverse comparisons. We investigated the relative utility of SSS and PRD as predictors of self-rated physical and mental health (e.g., self-rated health, stress, health complaints). Across six studies, self-rated physical and mental health were on the whole better predicted by measures of PRD than by SSS while controlling for objective socioeconomic status (SES), with SSS rarely contributing unique variance over and above PRD and SES. Studies 4-6 discount the possibility that the superiority of PRD over SSS in predicting health is due to psychometric differences (e.g., reliability) or response biases between the measures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mental health, personal relative deprivation, physical health, socioeconomic status, subjective socioeconomic status
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2016 12:56
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/17252

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