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Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass: Evidence from the UK and Finland

Amin, V and Böckerman, P and Viinikainen, J and Smart, MC and Bao, Y and Kumari, M and Pitkänen, N and Lehtimäki, T and Raitakari, O and Pehkonen, J (2017) 'Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass: Evidence from the UK and Finland.' Social Science and Medicine, 195. 12 - 16. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

More education is associated with a lower body mass index (BMI) and likelihood of being overweight. However, since a large proportion of the variation in body mass is due to genetic makeup, it has been hypothesized that education may moderate the genetic risk. We estimate main associations between (i) education, (ii) genetic risk, and (iii) interactions between education and genetic risk on BMI and the probability of being overweight in the UK and Finland. The estimates show that education is negatively associated with BMI and overweightness, and genetic risk is positively associated. However, the interactions between education and genetic risk are small and statistically insignificant.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education, Gene-environment interactions, Obesity
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2017 10:24
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2017 10:24
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20717

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