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Online Covariate Shift Detection based Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface to Trigger Hand Exoskeleton Feedback for Neuro-Rehabilitation

Chowdhury, Anirban and Raza, Haider and Meena, Yogesh Kumar and Dutta, Ashish and Prasad, Girijesh (2018) 'Online Covariate Shift Detection based Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface to Trigger Hand Exoskeleton Feedback for Neuro-Rehabilitation.' IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 10 (4). 1070 - 1080. ISSN 2379-8920

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Abstract

A major issue in electroencephalogram (EEG) based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) is the intrinsic non-stationarities in the brain waves, which may degrade the performance of the classifier, while transitioning from calibration to feedback generation phase. The non-stationary nature of the EEG data may cause its input probability distribution to vary over time, which often appear as a covariate shift. To adapt to the covariate shift, we had proposed an adaptive learning method in our previous work and tested it on offline standard datasets. This paper presents an online BCI system using previously developed covariate shift detection (CSD)-based adaptive classifier to discriminate between mental tasks and generate neurofeedback in the form of visual and exoskeleton motion. The CSD test helps prevent unnecessary retraining of the classifier. The feasibility of the developed online-BCI system was first tested on 10 healthy individuals, and then on 10 stroke patients having hand disability. A comparison of the proposed online CSD-based adaptive classifier with conventional non-adaptive classifier has shown a significantly (p<0.01) higher classification accuracy in both the cases of healthy and patient groups. The results demonstrate that the online CSD-based adaptive BCI system is superior to the non-adaptive BCI system and it is feasible to be used for actuating hand exoskeleton for the stroke-rehabilitation applications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2018 14:28
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 12:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21597

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