Research Repository

The probability of poverty for mothers after childbirth and divorce in Europe: The role of social stratification and tax-benefit policies

Popova, Daria and Navicke, Jekaterina (2019) 'The probability of poverty for mothers after childbirth and divorce in Europe: The role of social stratification and tax-benefit policies.' Social Science Research, 78. 57 - 70. ISSN 0049-089X

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0049089X17307573-main.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 16 October 2019.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (2MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

This paper looks at the effects of tax-benefit systems and social stratification determinants on the probability of poverty among mothers after childbirth and divorce/separation. The analysis was carried out for twelve EU countries, which represent a variety of welfare regimes providing different degrees of defamilialisation. We applied the stress-testing methodology using microsimulation techniques as proposed by Atkinson (2009) and carried out a regression analysis of the simulated results. We show that the degree of income replacement provided by the welfare state is higher for childbirth than for divorce. Countries with low post-childbirth poverty include those with an explicit pro-natalist orientation and socio-democratic regimes. High post-childbirth poverty rates are found in pro-traditional and South European conservative countries, and especially in the liberal regimes. The same is true for the post-divorce poverty rates. Moreover, our findings confirm that the mother’s occupational class has a statistically significant effect for predicting poverty in the case of both events, with a stronger social gradient in case of divorce. Cross-country variation in the social gradient for post-childbirth poverty was insignificant. For post-divorce poverty we find weaker social class effects in the highly defamilialised welfare systems (Scandinavian countries and France) and stronger social class effects in the UK and the post-socialist countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: welfare state, life-course event, social stratification, poverty, childbirth, parental separation, divorce, Europe
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2018 14:27
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 17:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23293

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item