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A Gendered Imperative: Does Sexual Violence Attract UN Attention in Civil Wars?

Benson, Michelle A and Gizelis, Theodora-Ismene (2019) 'A Gendered Imperative: Does Sexual Violence Attract UN Attention in Civil Wars?' Journal of Conflict Resolution. ISSN 0022-0027 (In Press)

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Abstract

There is increasing awareness that sexual violence is distinct from other aspects of civilian victimization in civil wars. Few studies have examined the independent impact of such violence on responses to civil wars as compared to “traditional” forms of violence. This paper explores whether reports of high levels of rape and sexual violence increase the probability of UN attention to conflicts and calls to action. In so doing, we combine original data on UN Security Council resolutions with data on sexual violence in armed conflict and estimate the impact of sexual violence on UN attention to all civil wars from 1990-2009. We show that the effects of sexual violence on the number and level of UNSC resolutions are shown to be significant even when controlling for other important determinants of UN action. These findings have important implications for understanding how the UN has expanded its view on protecting civilians.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: UN, UN Security Council, Sexual Violence, Civil wars
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 14:33
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 13:08
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/24161

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