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Levels of resilience and delivery of HIV care in response to urban violence and crime

Cooper, Diane and Green, Gill and Tembo, Doreen and Christie, Sarah (2019) 'Levels of resilience and delivery of HIV care in response to urban violence and crime.' Journal of Advanced Nursing, 75 (8). 1723 - 1731. ISSN 1365-2648

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Abstract

Aims To understand the impact of urban violence and crime on HIV care delivery. Background Urban violence and crime can put pressure on the health care system and on nursing staff. Whilst the impact this has at the individual level has been researched, there is less research that places this within the context of the overall social eco system. Design A qualitative design using inductive thematic analysis. Methods Between July 2016 February 2017, in‐depth interviews were conducted with 10 nurses working in two neighbourhoods with high levels of violence in Cape Town, South Africa. Results The effects of crime and violence were evident at multiple levels resulting in participants feeling ‘safe and unsafe’ in a context where crime is viewed as endemic. Resilience emerged as a key concept in the findings. Resilience was apparent at individual, community and organizational levels and enabled continued delivery of HIV care. Conclusion The findings demonstrate the potential role of resilience within the social eco‐health system required to sustain delivery of HIV care in the midst of urban violence and gangsterism. Impact This study examined the impact of and response to urban violence on HIV care delivery. The findings indicate that resilience manifests at all levels of the social eco‐system. Understanding the mechanisms employed to cope with endemic violence helps to address these challenges in the study setting, but also has a much wider application to other areas with endemic urban violence and crime.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nurses, health care workers, urban violence, crime, primary healthcare, HIV/AIDS
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2019 09:44
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/24467

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