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Intra Coding Strategy for Video Error Resiliency: Behavioral Analysis

Kazemi, Mohammad and Ghanbari, Mohammed and Shirmohammadi, Shervin (2020) 'Intra Coding Strategy for Video Error Resiliency: Behavioral Analysis.' IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 22 (9). pp. 2193-2206. ISSN 1520-9210

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One challenge in video transmission is to deal with packet loss. Since the compressed video streams are sensitive to data loss, the error resiliency of the encoded video becomes important. When video data is lost and retransmission is not possible, the missed data should be concealed. But loss concealment causes distortion in the lossy frame which also propagates into the next frames even if their data are received correctly. One promising solution to mitigate this error propagation is intra coding. There are three approaches for intra coding: intra coding of a number of blocks selected randomly or regularly, intra coding of some specific blocks selected by an appropriate cost function, or intra coding of a whole frame. But Intra coding reduces the compression ratio; therefore, there exists a trade-off between bitrate and error resiliency achieved by intra coding. In this paper, we study and show the best strategy for getting the best rate-distortion performance. Considering the error propagation, an objective function is formulated, and with some approximations, this objective function is simplified and solved. The solution demonstrates that periodical I-frame coding is preferred over coding only a number of blocks as intra mode in P-frames. Through examination of various test sequences, it is shown that the best intra frame period depends on the coding bitrate as well as the packet loss rate. We then propose a scheme to estimate this period from curve fitting of the experimental results, and show that our proposed scheme outperforms other methods of intra coding especially for higher loss rates and coding bitrates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Encoding; Distortion; Resilience; Streaming media; Bit rate; Linear programming; Delays; Error resilient video coding; video error concealment; intra coding
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2020 16:31
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 13:16

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