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Dissolved extracellular polymeric substances (dEPS) dynamics and bacterial growth during sea ice formation in an ice tank study

Aslam, SN and Underwood, GJC and Kaartokallio, H and Norman, L and Autio, R and Fischer, M and Kuosa, H and Dieckmann, GS and Thomas, DN (2012) 'Dissolved extracellular polymeric substances (dEPS) dynamics and bacterial growth during sea ice formation in an ice tank study.' Polar Biology, 35 (5). 661 - 676. ISSN 0722-4060

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Abstract

Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are known to help microorganisms to survive under extreme conditions in sea ice. High concentrations of EPS are reported in sea ice from both poles; however, production and dynamics of EPS during sea ice formation have been little studied to date. This investigation followed the production and partitioning of existing and newly formed dissolved organic matter (DOM) including dissolved carbohydrates (dCHO), dissolved uronic acids (dUA) and dissolved EPS (dEPS), along with bacterial abundances during early stages of ice formation. Sea ice was formed from North Sea water with (A) ambient DOM (NSW) and (B) with additional algal-derived DOM (ADOM) in a 6d experiment in replicated mesocosms. In ADOM seawater, total bacterial numbers (TBN) increased throughout the experiment, whereas bacterial growth occurred for 5d only in the NSW seawater. TBN progressively decreased within developing sea ice but with a 2-fold greater decline in NSW compared to ADOM ice. There were significant increases in the concentrations of dCHO in ice. Percentage contribution of dEPS was highest (63%) in the colder, uppermost parts in ADOM ice suggesting the development of a cold-adapted community, producing dEPS possibly for cryo-protection and/or protection from high salinity brines. We conclude that in the early stages of ice formation, allochthonous organic matter was incorporated from parent seawater into sea ice and that once ice formation had established, there were significant changes in the concentrations and composition of dissolved organic carbon pool, resulting mainly from the production of autochthonous DOM by the bacteria. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Graham Underwood
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2013 12:29
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:17
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5926

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