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Does welfare reform affect fertility? Evidence from the UK

Brewer, M and Ratcliffe, A and Smith, S (2011) Does welfare reform affect fertility? Evidence from the UK. [UNSPECIFIED]

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Abstract

This paper provides evidence on the effect of welfare reform on fertility, focusing on UK reforms in 1999 that increased per-child spending by 50% in real terms. We use a difference-in-differences approach, exploiting the fact that the reforms were targeted at low-income households. The reforms were likely to differentially affect the fertility of women in couples and single women because of the opportunity cost effects of the welfare-to-work element. We find no increase in births among single women, but evidence to support an increase in births (by around 15%) among coupled women. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Item Type: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 13:33
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:22
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7072

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