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To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?

Roemer, JE and Aaberge, R and Colombino, U and Fritzell, J and Jenkins, SP and Lefranc, A and Marx, I and Page, M and Pommer, E and Ruiz-Castillo, J and San Segundo, MJ and Torben Tranaes, T and Trannoy, A and Wagner, GG and Zubiri, I (2003) 'To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?' Journal of Public Economics, 87 (3-4). 539 - 566. ISSN 0047-2727

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Abstract

This paper employs the theory of equality of opportunity, described in Roemer?s book (Equality of Opportunity, Harvard University Press, 1998), to compute the extent to which tax-and-transfer regimes in 11 countries equalize opportunities among citizens for income acquisition. Roughly speaking, equality of opportunity for incomes has been achieved in a country when it is the case that the distributions of post-fisc income are the same for different types of citizen, where a citizen?s type is defined by the socio-economic status of his parents. Intuitively, a country will have equalized opportunity if the chances of earning high (or low) income are equal for citizens from all family backgrounds. Of course, pre-fisc income distributions, by type, will not be identical, as long as the educational system does not entirely make up for the disadvantage that children, who come from poor families face, but the tax-and-transfer system can play a role in rectifying that inequality. We include, in our computation, two numbers that summarize the extent to which each country?s current fiscal regime achieves equalization of opportunities for income, and the deadweight loss that would be incurred by moving to the regime that does.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fiscal regimes; Equal opportunities; Income acquisition
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2014 16:27
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:56
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7905

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