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The Use of HyPer to Examine Spatial and Temporal Changes in H₂O₂ in High Light-Exposed Plants

Exposito-Rodriguez, M and Laissue, PP and Littlejohn, GR and Smirnoff, N and Mullineaux, PM (2013) 'The Use of HyPer to Examine Spatial and Temporal Changes in H₂O₂ in High Light-Exposed Plants.' In: Cadenas, E and Packer, L, (eds.) Methods in Enzymology (Vol. 527). Elsevier, 185 - 201. ISBN 9780124058828

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Exposure of photosynthetic cells of leaf tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) to high light intensities (HL) may provoke a rapid rise in hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂ ) levels in chloroplasts and subcellular compartments, such as peroxisomes, associated with photosynthetic metabolism. It has been hypothesized that when H₂O₂ is contained at or near its site of production then it plays an important role in signaling to induce acclimation to HL. However, should this discrete containment fail and H₂O₂ levels exceed the capacity of antioxidant systems to scavenge them, then oxidative stress ensues which triggers cell death. To test this hypothesis, the spatiotemporal accumulation of H₂O₂ needs to be quantified in different subcellular compartments. In this chapter, preliminary experiments are presented on the use of Arabidopsis seedlings transformed with a nuclear-encoded cytosol-located yellow fluorescent protein-based sensor for H₂O₂ , called HyPer. HyPer allows ratiometric determination of its fluorescence at two excitation wavelengths, which frees quantification of H₂O₂ from the variable levels of HyPer in vivo. HyPer fluorescence was shown to have the potential to provide the necessary spatial, temporal, and quantitative resolution to study HL responses of seedlings using confocal microscopy. Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging was used to quantify photoinhibition of photosynthesis induced by HL treatment of seedlings on the microscope staging. However, several technical issues remain, the most challenging of which is the silencing of HyPer expression beyond the seedling stage. This limited our pilot studies to cotyledon epidermal cells, which while not photosynthetic, nevertheless responded to HL with 45% increase in cytosolic H₂O₂ .

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogen peroxide; HyPer; Yellow fluorescent protein; Confocal microscopy; Signaling; High light; Arabidopsis thaliana; Cotyledons; Gene silencing; Chlorophyll fluorescence
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QK Botany
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Philip Mullineaux
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2013 13:54
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2019 08:15

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